There were no early reports of deaths or injuries at the tented camps near the 25-mile (40km) border fence which is the site of what Palestinians call "The Great March of Return". Among the dead are two Palestinian journalists Yasser Murtaja and Ahmed Abou Hussein, both men were shot by Israeli army snipers despite pictures showing "PRESS" emblazoned across the front of their protective jackets.
The Israeli army has responded to the peaceful demonstrations with excessive force, killing at least 47 Palestinians since the rallies began one month ago.
As Israel celebrates its 70th birthday, Palestinians mourn what they call the "Nakba" (Catastrophe) of their people's mass-dispossession during the conflict that broke out in 1948.
Demonstrators have been gathering every day several hundred metres from the fence separating Israel from Gaza, where nearly 1.3 million of the small territory's two million inhabitants are refugees, to demand the right to return to their pre-1948 homes.
Palestinian protesters have gathered along the Gaza-Israel for the sixth successive week. "If they don't allow us back, at least they should give us a state".
Anas Abu Asser, 19, who was shot during last Friday's "Great March of Return" in Gaza city, had been "seriously injured", Efe news reported citing the Ministry's spokesman.
"The Palestinian protests on Gaza's border fall into the "state of war" category; thus human rights laws do not apply to the [Israeli army's] rules of engagement in this regard", state attorneys asserted in response to petitions filed with Israel's High Court by a number of human rights groups. Palestinians deny those allegations. While the peace talks are stuck, Israeli settlements in the occupied territories have expanded.
Trump's moves angered Palestinian leaders, who have refused to talk to his administration, accusing it of pro-Israel bias. Israel's government celebrated the US decision, saying it recognised the "reality" that Jerusalem was the historic capital of the Jewish people.