Some of the threats that Jubeir mentioned include the Iranian threat to Arab national security, the fights against terrorism, the Syrian crisis, Libya, Yemen's stability, internal development, implementing Vision 2030 in Saudi Arabia and reform.
Lebanese foreign minister Gebran Bassil -a member of the Hizbollah-allied Free Patriotic Movement and the Lebanese president's son-in-law - did not attend the Cairo meeting. Iran, along with the US-led worldwide coalition, has been a major supporter of Baghdad in its war against ISIS.
The resolution came amid soaring tensions between regional arch-rivals Saudi Arabia and Iran, Shia Hezbollah's backer.
Saudi Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir attends a meeting at the Arab League headquarters in the Egyptian capital Cairo on November 19, 2017.
Bahrain's foreign minister, Sheikh Khalid Bin Ahmed Al Khalifa, urged strong action by the Arab League against Iran.
Earlier, Saudi Arabia alleged Iran for supplying long range missiles to Houthi Ansarallah in Yemen, who had recently conducted attack on Riyadh airport.
Take firm stance against Iran, Saudi asks Arab League By
Lebanese president Michel Aoun, a Hizbollah ally, said Lebanon can not accept suggestions that its government is a partner in acts of terrorism.
Saudi Arabia subsequently expressed its anger at Hezbollah, which maintains close ties with Iran.
Despite being Sunni, Hamas has always been seen as an ally of Iran. President Michel Aoun, has refused to accept Hariri's resignation and accused Saudi Arabia of holding him against his will. Hariri and Saudi Arabia deny the allegations.
Hariri is now in Paris, where he arrived on Saturday after spending 13 says in Saudi Arabia. The League is notorious for passing resolutions and issuing communiques which are rarely acted upon.
Iran on Monday dismissed as "worthless" a resolution by Arab League foreign ministers that accused the Islamic republic of "aggression" against Arab states.
In what is perhaps the only concrete measure, the ministers said Arab telecommunications satellites would ban Iranian-financed television stations for what they said was their fomenting of sectarian and ethnic tensions and because they posed a threat to Arab security. On Sunday evening Hezbollah's media unit posted on YouTube a video of Qassem Suleimani, the powerful head of Iran's Quds Force, meeting with what appeared to be Iraqi, Lebanese and Syrian fighters in the newly liberated Syrian town of Albu Kamal. The Syrian government, backed by Russian Federation and Iran, was replaced by the pro-rebel Syrian National Coalition in the Arab League in 2013, but the Syrian seat was again vacated in 2014.